target language 158, 329

target language | langue d’arrivée | lengua de término | язык-приемник | لغة النقل/لغة مستهدفة | 目的语 | Language in terms of which a toponym may be adopted or transformed from Read More …

target script 295, 330

target script | écriture d’arrivée | escritura de término | письмо-приемник | كتابة مستهدفة؛ كتابة بلغة النقل | 目的语文字 | A → script into which a → toponym may be Read More …

tetragraph 331

tetragraph | tétragramme | tetrágrafo | тетраграф | صامت مركب رباعي | 单音四字母 | Four → letters employed together in a partic­u­lar order to represent a single → phonological or graphical Read More …

thematic map 192, 332

thematic map | carte thématique | mapa temático | тематическая карта | خريطة مواضيعية | 专题地图 | Any geographical map devoted to a special subject and not showing only the surface configuration Read More …

topographic category 333

topographic category | classe d’entités | clase de accidente | топографическая категория | فئة طبغرافية | 地形实体分类 | See feature class. Ensemble d’éléments topographiques qui présentent des traits physiques similaires, facilitant Read More …

topographic coordinates 046

topographic coordinates | | | إحداثيات طبغرافية | | See rectangular coordinates انظر: إحداثيــات متعامــدة (coordinates, rectangular).

topographic entity 078

topographic entity | | | كيان طبغرافي | | See topographic feature. Voir entité topographique. Véase accidente topográfico. См. топографический объект. انظر: مَعْلم طبغرافي (topographic feature). 见: 地形实体

topographic feature 094, 334

topographic feature | entité topographique | accidente topográfico | топографический объект | مَعْلم طبغرافي | 地形实体 | A portion of the surface of Earth or of any other planet or Read More …

topographic grid 125

topographic grid | | coordenates rectangulares | топографическая сетка | شبكة إحداثيات طبغرافية | 直角坐 标 | Grid of plane coordinates consisting of two sets of straight lines at right angles Read More …

topographic map 193, 335

topographic map | carte topographique | mapa topográfico | топографическая карта | خريطة طبغرافية | 地形图 | A map having as its object the representation of the surface of Earth or Read More …

topographic name 229, 336

topographic name | | | топографическое название | اسم طبغرافي | 地形名称 | See toponym. Voir toponyme. Véase topónimo. См. топоним. انظر: toponym. 见: 地名.

topography 337

topography | topographie | topografía | топография | الطبغرافيا | 地形;地志 | (a) The surface configuration of Earth or of another planet or a satellite, or of a portion thereof, including Read More …

toponomastics 338

toponomastics | toponymie | toponominación | топономастика | علم الأسماء (أو التسميات) الطبغرافية | 地名学 | The activity or process of conferring → toponyms. a) Science qui a pour objet l’étude Read More …

toponym 339

toponym | toponyme | topónimo | топоним | اسم طبغرافي | 地名 | Proper noun applied to a → topographic feature. Comprehensive term for → geographical names and → extraterrestrial names. Read More …

toponymic guidelines 126, 342

toponymic guidelines | directives toponymiques | directrices toponímicas | топонимические руководства | (المبادئ التوجيهية المتعلقة بالأسماء الطبغرافية (الجغرافية | 地名准则 | Set of rules governing the → standardization of a Read More …

toponymic index 138, 343

toponymic index | index toponymique | índice de nombres propios de lugar | топонимический индекс (указатель) | (فهرس الأسماء الطبغرافية (الجغرافية | 地名索引 | Ordered list of → toponyms, including data Read More …

toponymic survey 319

toponymic survey | activité toponymique | levantamiento toponímico | топонимическая съемка | دراسة استقصائية للأسماء الطبغرافية | 地名调查 | The entire spectrum of activities involved in the collection, recording and processing of → toponyms in a Read More …

toponymization A343

toponymization | toponymisation | toponimización | топонимизация | 地名化 The act of producing a → toponym (i.e., a proper noun) from a common noun or other part of speech. Examples: producing Read More …

toponymy 344

toponymy | toponymie | toponimia | a) топонимика; b) топонимия | علم الأسماء الطبغرافية | 地名学;地名 | (a) The science that has as its object the study of → toponyms in Read More …

traditional name 230, 345

traditional name | nom traditionnel | nombre propio tradicional | традиционное название | اسم تقليدي | 惯用地名 | An → exonym in relatively widespread use by a particular → linguistic community and Read More …

transboundary name A230, A345

name, transboundary | nom transfrontalier | nombre proprio transfronterizo | название, трансграничное | 跨界地名 Name of a →geographical feature extending over two or more political entities, for example, rivers and Read More …

transcription 346

transcription | transcription | transcripción | транскрипция | (تمثيل صوتي (تمثيل أصوات لغة بحروف أجنبية |音译 | (a) A method of phonetic names → conversion between different languages, in which Read More …

transcription alphabet 347

transcription alphabet | alphabet de transcription | alfabeto de transcripción | транскрипционный алфавит | أبجدية التمثيل الصوتي | 标音字母表 | An → alphabet that is employed in the process of Read More …

transcription key 348

transcription key | table (ou tableau) de transcription | clave de transcripción | транскрипционный ключ | مفتاح التمثيل الصوتي | 音译表 | Table listing the characters of a particular → source Read More …

translation 350

translation | traduction | traducción | перевод, письменный | ترجمة | 意译 | (a) The process of expressing meaning, presented in a → source language, in the words of a Read More …

translingual data interchange 057, 351

translingual data interchange | échange de données translinguistiques | intercambio de datos translingual | межязыковой обмен данными | تبادل البيانات بين اللغات | 语音间的数据 交换 | Data exchange (especially by computer) Read More …

transliteration 352

transliteration | translittération | transliteración | транслитерация | (نقل الحروف (بين اللغات | 转写 | (a) A method of → names conversion between different → alphabetic scripts and → syllabic Read More …

transliteration alphabet 353

transliteration alphabet | alphabet de translittération | alfabeto de transliteración | транслитерационный алфавит | أبجدية نقل الحروف | 转写字母表 | An → alphabet that may include → diacritics, employed in → transliteration. Read More …

transliteration key 354

transliteration key | table (ou tableau) de translittération | clave de transliteración | транслитерационный ключ | 转写表 | Table listing the → characters of a particular → source script together Read More …

trigraph 355

trigraph | trigramme | trígrafo | триграф | صامت مركب ثلاثي | 单音三字母 | Sequence of three letters that represent a single → phoneme. Example: for /ò/, sch in German. Ensemble Read More …

typeface 356

typeface | police de caractères | clase de letra | характер шрифта | نوع الخط؛ أحرف طباعة؛ شكل طباعي للحروف | 字样 | Style or design of a set of all Read More …