phone 252

phone | phone | fonio | звук | وحدة صوتية كلامية | 音素 | In → phonetics, the smallest perceptible unit of sound in the stream of speech, usually symbolized by square Read More …

phoneme 253

phoneme | phonème | fonema | фонема | وحدة صوتية فارقة؛ فونيمية | 音位 | The smallest unit of sound in the → phonological structure of a → language that changes Read More …

phonemic 254

phonemic | phonologique | fonemático | фонемный | فونيمي | 音位的 | Relating to → phonemes. Qui a trait aux → phonèmes. Relativo a los → fonemas. Относящийся к → фонеме. ذو Read More …

phonetic, phonetical 255

phonetic, phonetical | phonétique (adj.) | fonético | фонетический | صوتي | 语音的 | Relating to → phonetics. Qui a trait aux → phones de la langue parlée. Relativo a la → fonética.  Относящийся к → фонетике. ذو علاقة بـ ← علم Read More …

phonetics 256

phonetics | phonétique (subst.) | fonética | фонетика | علم دراسة الأصوات | 语音学 | The study and classification of sounds made in spoken language. The minimal phonetic unit is the → Read More …

phonogram 257

phonogram | phonogramme | fonograma | фонограмма | (رمز ممثل لصوت؛ رمز صوتي (لعدة حروف | 音符 | (a) Graphic → character representing sound(s). (b) In particular, a → pictogram representing Read More …

phonological 258

phonological | phonologique | fonológico | фонологический | فونولوجي؛ صوتي | 音系学的,音系的 | Relating to → phonology. a) Qui a trait à la → phonologie; b) Qui a trait aux → phonèmes. Read More …

phonology 259

phonology | phonologie | fonología | фонология | الفونولوجيا؛ علم وظائف الأصوات | 音系学 | The study of speech sounds and their functions in a specific →language or in two or more Read More …

physical feature 093, 260

physical feature | entité physique | accidente físico | физико-географический объект | مَعْلم مادي |有形地理实体 | Any → topographic feature that can be observed visually. Examples: mountain; river; road; building; but Read More …

pictogram 261

pictogram | pictogramme | pictograma | пиктограмма | حرف كتابة تصويرية | 形符,象形文字 | Graphic symbol that represents an object via graphic-visual similarity in order to convey either its meaning or the Read More …

pidgin 262

pidgin | pidgin | pidgin | пиджин | رطانة | 混杂语 | → phonological structure and style are simpler than those of the → language(s) from which it was evolved. Examples: Tok Read More …

pixel 263

pixel | pixel | pixel | пиксель | بيكسل | 像素 | → Acronym for “picture element”; the unit of storage and display in → raster mode. Plus petite surface homogène constitutive Read More …

place name 224, 264

place name | toponymie | nombre propio de lugar | название объекта | اسم مكان | 地名 | (a) Proper noun applied to a → topographic feature. Comprehensive term for → geographical Read More …

place names gazetteer 109

place names gazetteer | répertoire toponymique | nomenclátor de poblaciones | газетир названий населенных пунктов | معجم جغرافي لأسماء الأماكن | 地名录 | Term sometimes applied to a list of populated places. See also → place name (b). Terme Read More …

place names index 137, 265

place name index | index toponymique | índice de nombres propios de lugar | индекс (указатель) географических названий | فهرس أسماء الأماكن | 地名索引 | Ordered list of → toponyms, including Read More …

primary name 225

primary name | nom descriptif | nombre propio primario | название первичное | اسم أساسي | 初期地名 | Descriptive name expressed in local terms and language. Examples: Ar-Rub‘ al-Khālī (the empty quarter, Saudi Arabia); Dasht-e Kavīr (big desert, Iran). Read More …

principal language 154, 267

principal language | langue principale | lengua principal | основной язык | لغة رئيسية | 主要语言 | In a → linguistic community where more than one → language is in use, Read More …

proper name 226, 269

proper name | nom propre | nombre propio | собственное имя | اسم عَلَم | 专有名称 | See proper noun. Mot ou groupe de mots servant à désigner un individu, Read More …

proper noun 246, 270

proper noun | nom propre | nombre propio | собственное имя | اسم عَلَم | 专有名词 | A word that uniquely identifies an individual person, place or thing. Examples: Albert, Beijing, Budapest. Read More …